Creating a diverse garden with plants that offer multiple benefits is a wonderful way to contribute to the ecological richness of your outdoor space. So, here goes the list of nine essential plants that everyone should have, each offering a multitude of benefits to enrich and beautify any garden.
1. Tulsi plant
2. Curry leaf
3. Ajwain plant
5. Aloe Vera
7. Jade Plant
8. Hibiscus Plant
9. Jasmine Plant
9 Plants You Should Grow at Home
1. Tulsi Plant (Holy Basil)
Embarking on your gardening journey? Make room for the auspicious Tulsi plant – it is a must-have at home.
- This summer-loving plant thrives from February to October, although it may start to wither in winter. With proper care, it can recover after the cold season.
- For this outdoor plant, ensure it receives at least 4 hours of direct sunlight. When it comes to hydration, water it when the top layer of soil gets parched.
- Be cautious not to drown it if the soil is still damp; that’s a surefire way to root rot.
- All it needs is a comfy 12-inch pot, whether it’s made of soil or cement.
- Cow dung fertilizers can be used to enhance the health of the plant.
- This Ayurvedic plant has many medicinal benefits and is used for treating colds, coughs, and various other problems.
- To keep the parent plant healthy, always remove the flowers before they mature. This practice will help maintain the plant’s health for years.
2. Curry Leaf
The curry leaf is a fantastic addition to kitchens because it smells and tastes great. It is also a useful herb and you will find it in many homes.
- It is a plant that loves the summertime, growing well from February to October.
- In winter, its leaves may look sad and black, but do not worry, it comes back to life in February after a good trim.
- Even though the curry leaf plant can become a big tree, a small pot (about 12 inches wide) is enough.
- This plant likes lots of sunlight, about 5-6 hours a day, but it does not need too much water.
- Water it when the soil is dry, and mix up the soil regularly.
- It’s a bit sensitive, so be gentle with its roots.
- When picking leaves, take the whole branch from the bottom because those leaves are fresher.
- To make the leaves thicker, pinch the top of the branches. This makes the plant stronger and fuller.
Use of buttermilk
- For extra flavor, try using buttermilk.
- Mix 3-4 tablespoons of buttermilk with a mug of water and give it to the plant once a month. It makes the leaves taste even better.
Curry leaves offer various medicinal benefits:
- Curry leaves are a good source of vitamins like A, B, C, and E, providing essential nutrients for overall health.
- Curry leaves are a good source of antioxidants, which help combat oxidative stress and protect the body from damage.
- They may contribute to maintaining healthy cholesterol levels, supporting heart health.
3. Mexican Mint/ Ajwain plant
The Mexican mint, also known as Indian Borage or ajwain plant, is a cool addition to your garden, smelling like carom seeds.
- It is a summer -hardy plant, flourishes in warmer months but might struggle in winter season.
- As winter sets in, its growth may face some challenges—leaves could lose their shine, turn black, and wither.
- However, with proper care during winters, the plant can endure. Some leaves would still be there as the plant would not die out completely.
- You can propagate multiple plants by planting simple cuttings of it.
- A minimum of 2-3 hours of direct sunlight is a must, but if you can offer more, it will surely appreciate the extra sunshine.
- A 12-inch pot is more than sufficient, though a 6-8 inch pot can also be used. Opting for a larger pot, however, allows the plant to spread out gracefully, showcasing its velvety textured, expansive leaves in all their glory.
- It doesn’t require as much water as other outdoor plants, just water it when the soil is dry.
- Being a medicinal plant, it is very beneficial in treating gastric problems.
- Just by eating a few leaves an empty stomach would cure the problem. Moreover, it adds aroma in various dishes.
4. Giloy (heart-leaved moonseed)
Giloy is an important plant that should be in your home. The plant is characterized by heart-shaped leaves, which is reflected in its common name, “heart-leaved moonseed.”
Giloy is a summer plant that thrives in a warmer season but tends to get a bit sad in winter, losing its leaves and keeping only the stem.
- It starts growing again when summer comes back, usually in the hottest months, not so much in February or March.
- Giloy is a climbing plant that can grow on trees and other support structures.
- Its slender, wiry stems can twine around the host, allowing the plant to reach significant heights.
- For optimal growth, provide abundant sunlight. Place it in the area with the maximum sun exposure.
- It does not need much water, only when the soil is dry after a few days.
- A 12-inch pot is perfect for it.
- Giloy has big leaves that make lots of oxygen and give a fresh feeling. It is not just pretty; it is also good for you!
- In traditional medicine, particularly Ayurveda, Giloy (heart-leaved moonseed) is highly valued for its medicinal properties.
- Giloy is often used to boost the immune system, promote longevity, and support overall health and well-being.
- People use Giloy sticks to make a special drink that helps with fevers and other health issues.
5. Aloe Vera
Aloe Vera is one of the most important plants that you should keep at your home. It has many benefits.
- This plant loves ignorance, occasional watering is sufficient, and it doesn’t require extensive care for optimal growth.
Flourishes in all seasons
- Aloe vera flourishes in all seasons—summer, winter, and the rainy season.
- While its growth may experience a slight hindrance in winter, autumn is considered the optimal season for cultivation.
- It is also fondant of sunlight and keeping it in sunlight for longer duration is good.
- However, avoid keeping it in scorching sunlight, early morning and evening sunlight is appreciable. Moreover it would grow in bright or medium light as well.
- Choose a pot that is wide rather than deep, as Aloe Vera’s roots are not deep but spread quickly.
- Boat-shaped pots are suitable for them.
- Since they are succulents, they don’t need a lot of water. Make sure the soil is dry, even at a deeper level, before watering.
- Aloe vera, a medicinal plant, is renowned for its healing properties, addressing issues such as joint ache, stomach discomfort, and migraines.
- The gel extracted from Aloe vera serves multiple purposes and offers various benefits.
- People apply its gel to the face and hair, utilizing its soothing properties to treat sunburns and combat hair loss, respectively.
6. Pothos (Money plant)
Here is another plant you should keep at home: Pothos, also known as the Money Plant.
It is a popular indoor plant known for its attractive trailing vines and heart-shaped leaves. It is also commonly referred to as the Devil’s Ivy.
- As a typical summer plant, this plant is highly adaptable and can thrive in various conditions, making it suitable for both beginners and experienced plant enthusiasts.
- Pothos can tolerate a wide range of light conditions, from low to bright, indirect light. However, it tends to do best in moderate, indirect light.
- It is a relatively low-maintenance plant when it comes to watering.
- Allow the soil to dry out between waterings, and be cautious not to overwater, as Pothos prefers slightly drier conditions.
- Pothos is easy to propagate. It can be propagated from stem cuttings placed in water or directly planted in soil.
- Performing cuttings around February aids in the plant’s recovery. Monsoon is the best season for it to thrive.
- The versatility of this plant allows for a range of pot sizes—whether 5, 6, 10, or 12 inches.
- It adapts well to being root-bound and can even thrive in hanging baskets.
- For smaller pots, providing a moss stick support allows the plant to climb and twine around it.
- Pothos is known for its air-purifying abilities, helping to remove common indoor pollutants.
- Pothos is often associated with good luck, prosperity, and positive energy in some cultural beliefs, which is why it is commonly called the “Money Plant.”
7. Jade Plant
Jade Plants are known for their hardiness and adaptability. They can thrive in outdoor environments with proper care.
The Jade Plant, also known as the Lucky Plant, is a popular succulent and bring glory to your garden.
While it’s a typical summer plant, it doesn’t succumb entirely to winter.
- Although its growth may slow down, and leaves might gracefully exit, with proper care, it can retain its green charm even through the winter months.
- This sun-friendly plant thrives with a minimum of 2 hours of sunlight, but it’s even happier with an extended exposure of up to 8 hours.
Its adaptability shines through, fitting seamlessly into any type of pot—small, big, hanging, or whatever suits your gardening style.
- If buying a new pot, an 8-12 inch size is preferred.
The plant requires minimal watering—just ensure the soil is completely dry, even at a deeper level, before giving it a drink.
- Succulents know how to thrive with a little negligence.
- Overwatering can lead to issues like leaf shedding, darkening, and unwanted insect guests.
This lucky plant can make your luck shine if cared for well, bringing brightness to your garden.
8. Hibiscus Plant
A blossoming plant that enhances the garden with its splendid beauty.
- This flowering plant is a classic summer variety that experiences stress in winter.
- Young plants of 5-6 months might exhibit a slowdown in flowering, while mature plants bloom consistently throughout the year, with the possibility of smaller flower sizes.
- It will blossom well if exposed to 5-6 hours of sunlight.
- Be it hybrid or desi category, hibiscus grow well in a 12 inch size pot.
- Maintaining a balanced water regimen is crucial. To strike the right balance, water when the top layer of soil is dry. Careful hydration is the key to a flourishing plant.
- Overwatering can hinder flowering, prevent bud formation and lead to bud drop. It also creates a welcoming environment for insects like aphids or mealybugs and risks root rot.
- On the flip side, underwatering can result in plant withering or failure to thrive.
- With proper care, timely pruning and the right fertilizers’, this plant has the potential to yield an impressive 7-8 flowers per day, even in a 12-inch pot.
- Numerous medicines and hair oils are being manufactured from the flowers of hibiscus.
9. Jasmine Plant
A beautiful white flowers yielding plant , graces the garden with its magical aromatic flowers. This plant can offer the option to be either a graceful creeper or kept as a normal plant by propagating its cutting.
- Flower jewellery like Gajras and all are also crafted from jasmine flowers.
- A classical summer plant grows well in summers, growth gets hindered during winters but mature plants would yield the flowers throughout the year.
- Season rotation does not have much effect on the strong and matured plants and they grow well all 365 days.
- Medium sunlight of 3-4 hours is enough for its ample growth.
- A 12 inch pot is enough to grow a Jasmine plant.
- Give water when the top soil is dry, too much water is not needed.
- To maintain its glory, trim the tips of the branches where flowers have already bloomed, as they won’t bloom again in the same spot.
- Pruning encourages the growth of new branches, ensuring a continuous cycle of fresh flowers.
- This medicinal, aromatic, holy and beautiful plant is such a stress reliever that everyone should beautify their garden with it.
Sounds like a fantastic lineup of plants! Having a variety that not only enhances the beauty of the garden but also brings multiple benefits is a win-win. It’s like creating a harmonious and beneficial ecosystem right in your own backyard.
Happy Gardening !!