How to Grow Plants from Cuttings

Growing plants from cuttings is a simple and affordable way to propagate your favorite plants. Plants can be grown from the seeds or from the cuttings as well. Monsoon and spring seasons are considered the best season for plant propagation.

In this article, we will cover all the important points such as:

  • What is plant propagation from cutting?
  • Benefits of planting from cuttings,
  • Best time for planting from cuttings,
  • How and where to take cutting from the plant?

What is plant propagation from cutting?

Plant propagation from cuttings involves taking a portion of a plant, such as a stem, root, or leaf, and placing it in a suitable environment to encourage it to grow into a new plant.

  • This method allows for the rapid and efficient production of new plants that are genetically identical to the parent plant and can be used to propagate a wide variety of plant species.

Benefits of planting from cutting

1. Cost-Effective

Growing plants from cuttings is an economical way to enrich your garden with vibrant flowers, herbs, and various plants.

  • This method allows you to expand your garden without incurring significant expenses. You can easily prepare cuttings at home without any additional cost.

2. Accessibility

Cuttings can be obtained inexpensively or even for free.

  • You can ask friends or relatives for cuttings, and often, a variety of plant cuttings are readily available in your local surroundings. This accessibility makes cuttings a budget-friendly option for expanding your garden.

3. Immediate availability

During trips, individuals often encounter various plants.

  • Instead of relying on seeds or searching for new plants, it is advisable to take cuttings of the plants they admire.
  • By using cuttings from existing plants, one can conveniently grow the same type of plant without delay.

Best time for planting from cuttings

The optimal time to cultivate cuttings aligns with the specific growing period of each plant. Generally, spring and rainy seasons are considered the most favorable for gardening activities.

Among these, the rainy season is particularly advantageous due to the heightened humidity in the environment. This increased humidity helps lock moisture in the air, acting as a catalyst for the growth of cuttings.

monsoon season

  • During the spring season, it is recommended to cover the plant with plastic to retain moisture, facilitating an environment conducive to successful cutting growth.

Selection of cutting

The choice of cuttings plays a crucial role in the success of plant propagation, as the saying goes, “as you sow, so shall you reap.”

“It is essential to select a healthy plant when taking a cutting.”

  • Ensure that the chosen plant is free from contamination, including diseases, bacteria, or fungus. Opting for a plant without such issues increases the likelihood of successful propagation.
  • Avoid selecting weak or unstable plants for cuttings, as they are less likely to thrive.
  • By choosing robust and stable plants, you enhance the chances of successful growth and development of the cuttings.

How to take cuttings from the flourishing plant?

When harvesting cuttings from a thriving plant, follow these guidelines for successful propagation:

1. Selecting Cuttings:

  • Always choose cuttings with 2-3 nodes (joints), and make the cut just above the node. Cuttings can be categorized into two types:

(i) Soft Stem Cuttings: For plants with soft stems (e.g., Jade plant or Pothos), select healthy cuttings with 2-3 nodes.

(ii) Hard Stem Cuttings: For plants with hard stems, choose a stem approximately the thickness of a Natraj pencil.

Hard stem pruning

 

2. Considerations:

    • For thicker stems, be aware that they may take longer to develop roots, potentially extending the plant’s growing period.
    • Avoid taking cuttings from stems that are too thin, as they may be prone to decay.

By following these guidelines, you can increase the likelihood of successful root development and overall propagation success.

Perfect Soil Mixture

soil mixture

To ensure optimal growth from cuttings, a well-balanced soil mixture is essential. The perfect soil mixture comprises:

1. Pure River Sand:

River sand

  • Obtain sand from a construction site to provide a stable and well-draining base for the plants.

2. Vermicompost:

compost

Use vermicompost, rich in nutrients, in equal quantities to the river sand. This organic material enhances soil fertility.

3. Perlite:

perlite

Add perlite, an organic compound that also retains water, in an amount half of the sand. Perlite is readily available at most nurseries.

Instructions:

  • Thoroughly mix equal parts vermicompost and river sand, along with half the amount of perlite.
  • Ensure proper blending of all three components.
  • In case this soil mixture is unavailable, an interim solution is to place the cutting in water temporarily (ensuring it doesn’t dry out) and later transfer it to the recommended soil mixture.

By following these steps, you provide an ideal environment for the successful growth of plants from cuttings.

How to raise the Cuttings?

1. Leaf Removal:

 

Start by removing all leaves from the cuttings. This encourages the stem to channel its energy into developing new roots. Use a pruner for efficient leaf removal.

2. Cutting Placement:

Keep both the upper and lower sides of the stems intact while placing them in the soil mixture. Plant the cuttings with the cut side in the soil, ensuring proper alignment.

3. Container Selection:

Avoid using plastic bags or weak containers for growing cuttings.

  • Opt for high-quality pots made of ceramic, clay, or plastic to provide stability and support during the growth period. This is crucial, considering the 1-2 month duration for cuttings to develop.

4. Pot Preparation:

Fill the selected pot with the prepared soil mixture and add water to allow the mixture to settle.

5. Rooting Hormone Application:

rooting hormone

Apply rooting hormone to the part of the cutting that will be inserted into the soil. Rooting hormone facilitates faster root development and is readily available in the market.

6. Planting Depth:

cutting depth

Plant the cutting approximately 3 inches deep into the soil, ensuring that 3-4 inches remain above the soil.

  • Ensure that at least 2-3 nodes are buried in the soil for proper root development.

By following these steps, you provide the optimal conditions for the successful propagation of cuttings.

How to take care of cutting after sowing?

1. Sunlight Exposure:

Cuttings should not be exposed to direct sunlight, as this can lead to stem dehydration. Place them in an area with sufficient bright light.

2. Protection from Rainwater:

Avoid direct exposure to rainwater, as the force of rain can damage the delicate stems. Provide a sheltered location for the cuttings.

3. Soil Moisture:

Check the soil every 3-4 days by touching it with your hand. Water sparingly if the soil is dry, ensuring water does not drain from the bottom hole. Maintain moisture without excess.

4. Root Growth Monitoring:

The time required for root growth varies for each cutting. Monitor your cuttings patiently; some may develop roots in 15-20 days, while others may take up to 2 months.

5. Avoid Disturbance:

Refrain from disturbing the cuttings frequently. Exercise patience and observe the progress; the results will be rewarding.

6. Multiple Cuttings:

It’s advisable to grow 3-4 cuttings of one plant to ensure successful propagation. This increases the likelihood of obtaining at least 2 propagated cuttings.

By following these guidelines, you can nurture your cuttings effectively and witness successful results without incurring significant expenses.

Happy Gardening!

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